Where did the Asante people migrate from? What you Need to Know
With its sphere of influence transcending beyond the borders of modern-day Ghana to Togo and Cote d’Ivoire, the Asante people gradually rose from clans to become one of West Africa’s great empires. The origins of the Asante people and where they migrated from have been a source of contention. In this article, we’ll walk you through the origins of the Asante and answer the obvious question, “Where did the Asante people migrate from?”
After the fall of the Ghana Empire in the 13th century, the Asante people migrated from the northwestern Niger River. This means that the Asante people are among the tribes that fled from the collapse of the medieval Ghana empire when it was under attack. Upon crossing the lower Niger river, they made their way to the Ghanaian coast by passing through the forests of modern-day Benin and Togo.
Together with other Akan tribes, the Asante people settled in present-day Ghana’s forest belt. Some of the Asante people who migrated from the Ghana empire ended up in Ivory Coast, where they established the Baule community.
They migrated with several small chiefdoms that belong to the Akan-speaking people. The Asante Empire occupied most of today’s Ghana from the seventeenth century to the nineteenth century. Their migration did not happen spontaneously, as they moved in clan by clan.
Oral history has it that, the Asante people fought different wars and traded slaves until they eventually settled in present-day Ghana where they found the land to be full of mineral resources such as gold and diamonds.
It is believed that the Asante people used these resources to purchase ammunition from the early Europeans, which helped them consolidate power with their influence across West Africa.
As a result of its strategic location at the crossroads of the Trans-Saharan trade routes, Kumasi’s thriving economy was a significant contributor to the influence of the Asante people.
The Asante people are famous for their craftsmanship, wood carving, gold bars, and woven cloths called Kente. For more than a century, the Asante people resisted the British Crown and waged several wars against it until it eventually became part of British rule.
Sacred Ashanti oral traditions and spiritual values are rooted in a profound respect for culture and tradition, which is why the land must not be defied. All these traditions are sacred-religious beliefs they held in high esteem as they migrate downward to their present settlement.
We hope you know by now that the migration of the Asante people did not happen spontaneously after the collapse of the ancient Ghana empire but took time for them to settle in their present location after waging numerous wars.